MODEL ARGUMEN PARAGRAF ARGUMENTATIF DALAM ARTIKEL JURNAL TERINDEKS SINTA RUMPUN PENDIDIKAN EKSAKTA: PERSPEKTIF DOUGLAS WALTON

  • Antonius Nesi Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu Paulus Ruteng
  • Priska Filomena Iku Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu Paulus Ruteng
Keywords: Walton’s argument model, Argumentative Paragraf, Sinta Indexed Journal Article

Abstract

Argument as a type of rhetoric of language is absolutely necessary in constructing, maintaining, and concluding ideas. With the existence of a solid argument construction in the body of scientific articles, the validity and reliability of facts, data, and inferences can be arguably justified. In this regard, this study aims to describe the argumentative paragraph model of the argumentative paragraphs in Sinta indexed journal articles for the exact education family. In collecting data, the observation method is used. The listening method is applied through reading and note-taking techniques. In data analysis, researchers made use of content analysis methods. Through data analysis, it was found that in the exact science education Sinta indexed journal there are three argument models, namely (1) verbal classification arguments, (2) rules arguments, and (3) witness arguments. The verbal classification argument model found includes (1) fact / perception arguments and (2) consequence arguments. The rule argument model found consists of (1) public opinion arguments, (2) personal opinion arguments, and (4) causal relationship arguments. Meanwhile, the findings of the witness argument model are (1) expert opinion argument, (2) analogy argument, and (3) fact-hypothesis argument. Based on these findings, it can be concluded that Douglas Walton’s argument models have not been fully accommodated in Sinta indexed journal articles for the exact education family. The authors of the articles are advised to continue to improve their publications by utilizing Walton's argument models in the hope that the resulting articles can be justified argumentatively-scientifically.

References

Ambon, Yolenta E. (2018). Pengembangan Buku Ajar Menulis Argumentasi Tentang Model-model Argumentasi dalam Penulisan Artikel Jurnal. Tesis Magister. (Online, Tersedia: https://repository.usd.ac.id/31204/2/161232014_full.pdf (diunduh 26 Juli 2019).
Brookhart, S. M. (2010). Assess Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Your Classroom. USA: ASCD.
Cresswel, J. W. (2010). Research Design: Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2008). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Dwyer, C. P., Hogan, M. J., & Stewart, I. (2012). An evaluation of argument mapping as a method of enhancing critical thinking performance in e-learning environments. Metacognition and Learning, 7(3), 219-244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11409-012-9092-1.
Fuat, F. (2018). Kegagalan Bentuk Skema Argumen Bukti. Jurnal Ilmiah Edukasi & Sosial, 7(2), 146-150. Retrive from (Online, tersedia: http://www.jiesjournal.com/index.php/jies/article/view/69/59. (Diunduh 14 September 2020).
Keraf, G. (200712th ed. ). Narasi dan Argumentasi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.
Lanur, A. (1990). Logika Selayang Pandang. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Lawet, P. W., & Setyaningsih, Y. (2020). Konsistensi Struktur Argument by Commitment dalam Editorial Harian Bisnis Indonesia: Perspektif Douglas Walton . Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 3(3), 305-316. https://doi.org/10.30872/diglosia.v3i3.103.
Macagno, F., Walton, D., & Reed, C. (2017). Argumentation schemes. History, Classifications, and Computational Applications (December 23, 2017). Macagno, F., Walton, D. & Reed, C, 2493 –2556. (Online, tersedia: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3092491 (Diunduh 14 September 2020).

Mahsun. (2005). Metode Penulisan Bahasa: Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan Tekniknya. Jakarta: Rajawali Press..
Rybacki, K. C., & Rybacki, D. J. (1996). Advocacy and opposition: An introduction to argumentation. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Santoso, H., & Sos, S. (2015). Pengembangan berpikir kritis dan kreatif pustakawan dalam penulisan karya ilmiah. Jurnal Univeritas Negeri Malang, 1 – 17. (Online, Tersedia: http://library.um.ac.id/images/stories/pustakawan/pdfhasan/pengembangan (Diunduh 7/8/2019).
Sari, B. P. (2017). Analisis struktur retorika dan fitur linguistik bagian pendahuluan artikel jurnal penelitian berbahasa indonesia dalam bidang ilmu teknologi. Wacana, 15(2), 127-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33369/jwacana.v15i2.6666.
Setyaningsih, Y., & Rahardi, R. K. (2018). Douglas Walton’s Argumentation Models in the Vehicle of the Indonesian Language Internationalization. KnE Social Sciences, 99—107. The 1st International Seminar on Language, Literature and Education: KNE Social Sciences.
Setyaningsih, Y. (2016). Pola Argumen Paragraf Argumentatif pada Artikel Jurnal Terakreditasi Bidang Ekonomi (Perspektif Stephen Toulmin). Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(2), 136-156. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/ajbs.2016.15202.
Setyaningsih, Y., Rahardi, R. K., & Mbato., (2015). Pola Berpikir Deduktif pada Argumen Bagian Pembahasan Artikel Ilmiah Jurnal Terakreditasi Bidang Humaniora. Prosiding Seminar Nasional dan Launching ADOBSI.
Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press.
Toulmin, S. et. al., (1979). An Introduction to Reasoning. New York: Macmillan.
Walton, D. (2006). Fundamentals of Critical Argumentation. New York: Camdrige University Press.
Walton, D. (2013). Method of Argumentation. New York: Camdrige University Press.
Published
2021-01-30
How to Cite
Nesi, A., & Iku, P. F. (2021). MODEL ARGUMEN PARAGRAF ARGUMENTATIF DALAM ARTIKEL JURNAL TERINDEKS SINTA RUMPUN PENDIDIKAN EKSAKTA: PERSPEKTIF DOUGLAS WALTON . JIPD (Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Dasar), 5(1), 36-47. https://doi.org/10.36928/jipd.v5i1.678