Employing A Self-Assessment Rubric on the EFL Students’ Writing Activities: Is It Effective?

  • Yovita Narsi Mat Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu paulus Ruteng
  • Leonardus Par Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu Paulus Ruteng
Keywords: Self-assessment, Writing Performance


Self-assessment is the process of students evaluating their work. It can help students learn a language better in writing class. This study aims to investigate the impact of self-assessment on EFL students’ writing performance. To this end, the study used a post-test quasi-experimental design. The study included 72 respondents. The experimental group consisted of 36 students who used a self-assessment rubric, while the control group consisted of 36 students who used a conventional assessment. The data were collected using a test. The data were analyzed using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney method utilizing SPSS version 24. The findings show a significant difference in scores between students who self-assess and those who do not. The Mann-Whitney U test result shows sig. 2 tailed is 0,015, meaning the p-value is less than alpha. The alternative hypothesis is accepted based on the U test result. The findings also show that students are aware of their responsibility and can identify their own writing's strengths and weaknesses. Thus, promoting self-assessment as a method for improving student writing performance is advised.


Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by Principles. New York: Addison Wesley Longmann, Inc.
Brown, J. D., & Hudson, T. (1998). The Alternatives in Language Assessment. TESOL Quarterly, 32(4), 653-675.
Chye, D. Y. S, Kaur. S, Singh. J, Zainuddin.S.Z, Norouzi.S & Khalid, Sheren. (2014). A Self-assessment Checklist for Undergraduate Students’ Argumentative Writing. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 5(1). Doi:10.7575/aiac.alls.v.5n.1p.65.
Fung, Yong Mei & Mei, Hooi Chee (2015). Improving Undergraduates’ Argumentative Group Essay Writing through Self-assessment. Advances in Language and Literary Studies. Vol. 6 No. 5; October 2015

Ghozali, I. (2009). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate dengan Program SPSS. Semarang: Badan Penerbit UNDIP.
Heffernan, J., Linclon, J., & Atwrill, J. (2001 ). Writing a College Handbook (5th Edition) . New York : Longman.
Heidarian, N. (2016). Investigating the Effect of Using Self-Assessment on Iranian EFL Learners’ Writing. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(28).
Khodadady, E., & Khodabakhshzade, H. (2012). The Effect of Portfolio and Self-assessment on Writing Ability and Autonomy. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 3(3), 518-524.
Lam, R. (2010). The Role of Self-Assessment in Students’ Writing Portfolios: A Classroom Investigation. TESL Reporter, 43(2), 16-34
McNamara, T. (2000). Language testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nunan, David. (1989). Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ratminingsih, Ni Made, Marhaeni , A. A. I. N, &Vigayanti, L. P. D. (2018). Self-Assessment: The Effect on Students’ Independence and Writing Competence. International Journal of Instruction, 11(3).
Ross, S. (1998).Self-assessment in Second Language Testing: A Meta-analysis and Analysis of Experimental Factors. Language Testing, 15, 1-19.)