PERAN GURU KELAS DALAM MENGATASI KESULITAN BELAJAR SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI TENGAH PANDEMI COVID-19
This study aims to examine the challenges and obstacles faced by elementary school classroom teachers in implementing the remote learning process and the efforts that classroom teachers can take to continue to meet the learning needs of elementary school students in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. The method used in this research is literature study by utilizing secondary data from previous research from scientific articles related to the topic being studied. The data were analyzed qualitatively by adopting the data analysis model from Miles and Hubermann. The results showed that distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic experienced various obstacles, especially if it was based on online learning. These obstacles are in the form of technological inequality, digital competence, socio-economic conditions, difficulties in monitoring and evaluation as well as the increasing workload of teachers converting material into electronic form. However, there are several efforts made by elementary school teachers to overcome the learning difficulties of their students. In general, these solutions are divided into two broad groups, namely offline and semi-online. Offline is carried out with home visits / door to door, limited face-to-face learning according to schedule by implementing strict health protocols, and taking assignments to school so that they can still control student learning progress. Semi-online can be done by using the instant messaging application WhatsApp and the use of delayed video learning.
Allen, J., Rowan, L., & Singh, P. (2020). Teaching and Teacher Education In The Time of COVID-19. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 48(3), 233–236. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359866X.2020.1752051
Bozkurt, A., & Sharma, R. C. (2020). Emergency Remote Teaching In A Time of Global Crisis Due To Corona Virus Pandemic. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), i–vi. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3778083
Budianti, A., & Melati, P. A. (2020). Implementasi Kunjungan Rumah Dalam Pembelajaran Pada Masa Pandemi. Academica: Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 4(2), 267–278.
Chun, D., Smith, B., & Kern, R. (2016). Technology in Language Use, Language Teaching, and Language Learning. The Modern Language Journal, 100(S1), 64–80. https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12302
Dewan, S., & Dewan, D. (2010). Distance Education Teacher as a Leader : Learning from the Path Goal Leadership Theory. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 6(3 (Sep. 2010)), 673–685. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1497198311?accountid=6724
Dewangga, V., Ihsan, P., & Dina, A. (2020). Challenges of Conducting Distance Learning During Covid-19 Pandemic : The Case of Google Classroom and WhatsApp. PROCEDING “ INTERNATIONAL WEBINAR ON EDUCATION 2020 “, 11–17.
Ding, J., Hermawati, D., & Subakti, H. (2020). Analisis Media Pembelajaran Daring Di Era Pandemi Covid-19 Pada Kelas III SD Negeri 027 Samarinda Ulu. SISTEMA: Jurnal Pendidikan, 01(02), 16–23. https://jurnal.fkip-uwgm.ac.id/index.php/sjp/article/view/639
Efriana, L. (2021). Problems of Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic in EFL Classroom and the Solution. JELITA: Journal of English Language Teaching and Literature, 2(1), 38–47.
Giantika, G. G. (2020). Strategi Komunikasi Guru Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Proses Pembelajaran Siswa SDN Tebet Barat 01 Jakarta Selatan Di Masa Pandemi Covid -19. Journal Komunikasi, 11(2), 143–150. https://doi.org/10.31294/jkom
Han, J., & Yin, H. (2016). Teacher motivation: Definition, Research Development and Implications for Teachers. Cogent Education, 3(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2016.1217819
Holisah, N., & Fitriani, H. (2020). English Learning Strategies Of Using Application In Online Class: An Emergency Remote Teaching During Covid-19 Pandemic. ELT in Focus, 3(2), 42–45. https://doi.org/10.35706/eltinfc.v3i2.4626
Jatmika, H. M. (2005). Pemanfaatan Media Visual dalam Menunjang Pembelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia, 3(1), 89–99.
Joshi, O., Chapagain, B., Kharel, G., Poudyal, N. C., Murray, B. D., & Mehmood, S. R. (2020). Benefits and Challenges of Online Instruction in Agriculture and Natural Resource Education. Interactive Learning Environments, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1725896
König, J., Jäger-biela, D. J., & Glutsch, N. (2020). Adapting to Online Teaching During COVID-19 School Closure: Teacher Education and Teacher Competence Effects Among Early Career Teachers in Germany. European Journal of Teacher Education, 43(4), 608–622. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1809650
Lian, B., & Amiruddin. (2021). Profesionalisme Guru Di Era Pandemi Covid-19. PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL PENDIDIKAN PROGRAM PASCASARJANA UNIVERSITAS PGRI PALEMBANG, 1–6.
Mahyoob, M. (2020). Challenges of e-Learning During The COVID-19 Pandemic Experienced by EFL Learners. Arab World English Journal, 11(4), 351–362. https://doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol11no4.23
Ntelok, Z. R. E., Jamun, Y. M., & Ngalu, R. (2021). Pelatihan Pembuatan Video Pembelajaran Berbasis Aplikasi Android Dalam Mendukung Kegiatan Belajar Dari Rumah di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Randang Tana: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 4(2), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.36928/jrt.v4i2.791
Putri, A. P., Rahhayu, R. S., Suswandari, M., & Ningsih, P. A. R. (2021). Strategi Pembelajaran Melalui Daring dan Luring Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Di SD Negeri Sugihan 03 Bendosari. Prima Magistra: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 2(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.37478/jpm.v2i1.728
Rahman, N. A., Arifin, N., Manaf, M., Ahmad, M., Zin, M. N. A., & Jamaludin, M. (2020). Students ’ Perception in Blended Learning among Science and Technology Cluster Students. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1496, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1496/1/012012
Sangster, A., Stoner, G., & Flood, B. (2020). Insights Into accounting Education In a COVID-19 World. Accounting Education, 29(5), 431–562. https://doi.org/10.1080/09639284.2020.1808487
Siregar, E. F. S., & Damilia, E. (2020). Pembelajaran Online Sebagai Bentuk Penguatan Pendidikan Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Di SD Muhammadiyah 03 Kota Medan. Jurnal Ilmiah Aquinas, 3(2), 306–315.
Starkey, L., Shonfeld, M., Prestridge, S., & Cervera, M. G. (2021). Special issue : Covid-19 and the role of technology and pedagogy on school education during a pandemic. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 30(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1080/1475939X.2021.1866838
Supratiwi, M., Yusuf, M., & Anggarani, F. K. (2021). Mapping the Challenges in Distance Learning for Students with Disabilities during Covid-19 Pandemic : Survey of Special Education Teachers. International Journal of Pedagogy and Teacher Education, 5(1), 11–18.
Utami, F. N. (2020). Peranan Guru Dalam Mengatasi Kesulitan Belajar Siswa SD. Edukatif : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Volume, 2(1), 93–101.
Wajdi, M. B. N., Kukswandi, I., Faruq, U. al, Zulhijra, Khairudin, & Khoiriyah. (2020). Education Policy Overcome Coronavirus , A Study of Indonesians. Edutec: Journal of Education and Technology, 3(2), 96–106.
Zalat, M. M., Hamed, M. S., & Bolbol, S. A. (2021). The Experiences, Challenges, and Acceptance of E-learning As a Tool For Teaching During The COVID-19 Pandemic Among University Medical Staff. PLoS ONE, 16(3), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248758