The ILLOUCUTIONAL SPEECH ACTS IN THE NOVEL FATHERS BY ANDREA HIRATA
ILLOUCUTIONAL SPEECH ACTS IN THE NOVEL FATHERS BY ANDREA HIRATA
The purpose of this study is to examine the illocutionary speech acts contained in the novel Ayah by Andrea Hirata. Illocutionary speech acts are speech acts that are intended to provide information to the speech partner to do what the speaker wants. The type of research used in this study is descriptive-qualitative. The data source for this research is the novel Ayah by Andrea Hirata, published by Bentang Pustaka in 2015 with a total of 412 pages. The data of this research are in the form of quotations containing illocutionary speech acts. The method used in this study is intensive reading with data collection techniques, namely note-taking techniques. The steps used in analyzing the data were reading novels, marking and recording data related to the types of illocutionary speech acts, classifying the data and writing them into tables or data cards, analyzing the data, and concluding the research results.
The results showed that the novel Ayah by Andrea Hirata found 116 types of illocutionary speech acts. The types of illocutionary speech acts in the novel Ayah are divided into five types, namely directive, assertive, commissive, expressive, and declarative speech acts. There are 35 directive speech acts, 19 assertive utterances, 17 commissive utterances, 36 expressive utterances, and 9 declarative utterances. In the novel Ayah, the most dominant illocutionary speech act used is the expressive speech act.
Keywords: speech act, illocutionary, pragmatics, novel, father